The two classic papers on cosmic background radiation are:
A Measurement of Excess Antenna Temperature at 4080 Mc/s
A.A. Penzias & R.W. Wilson
Astrophysical Journal 142: 419-421, July 1965
Cosmic Black-Body Radiation
R.H. Dicke et al.
Astrophysical Journal 142: 414-419, July, 1965
Where page numbers are given in the text, they refer to the pages in the particular editions of the publications listed here:
Aristotle, Physics, http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/physics.html
Aristotle, On the Heavens, http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/heavens.html
Barrow, John D., The Infinite Book, Vintage, 2005
Big Bang: The four pillars of the Hot Big Bang model are discussed at the Cambridge university Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics: ‘A Brief History of Observational Cosmology’ at http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/gr/public/bb_cosmo.html
Calder, Nigel, Einstein’s Universe, the layman’s guide, Penguin/Pelican 1998
Copernicus, Nicolaus, On the revolutions of Heavenly Spheres, in On the Shoulders of Giants edited by Stephen Hawking, Penguin, 2002.
Dicke, R.H. et al., Cosmic Black-Body Radiation, Astrophysical Journal 142: 414-419, July, 1965
Einstein, Albert, Relativity, Methuen, 1960
Einstein, On the electrodynamics of moving bodies (paper on special relativity, 1905), The Foundation of the general theory of relativity, (1916) and
Cosmological considerations on the general theory of relativity, (1917) are all in On the Shoulders of Giants edited by Stephen Hawking, Penguin, 2002.
Engels, Frederich, Anti-Dühring, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1969
Engels, Frederich, Dialectics of Nature, Moscow 1954, Lawrence and Wishart, 1955
Engels,Frederich, Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy, Marx and Engels Selected works in one volume
Engels, Socialism, Utopian and Scientific, Marx and Engels Selected works in one volume.
Galileo, Dialogues Concerning Two Sciences is in print complete in a new collection, On the Shoulders of Giants edited by Stephen Hawking, Penguin, 2002.
Galileo, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems. The relevant excerpt is currently at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo’s_ship
Gamow, George, Mr Tompkins in paperback, Cambridge University Press, 1965
Gleick, James, Issac Newton, Fourth Estate, 2003
Gould, Stephen Jay, Eight Little Piggies, Penguin, 1993
Gott, J. Richard, Time travel in Einstein’s universe, Phoenix, 2002
Greene, Brian, The Elegant Universe, Vintage, 2000
Greene, Brian, The Fabric of the Cosmos, Vintage, 2005
Gribbin, John, In search of the Big Bang, the life and death of the universe, Penguin, 1998
Hawking, Stephen W., A Brief History of Time, Bantam Press, 1989
Hegel, GWF, Encyclopaedia see: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/hegel/works/ol/encycind.htm
Hegel, GWF, Science of Logic, Humanity Books/ Prometheus Books, 1998. The Science of Logic is on the internet at http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/hegel/works/hl/. A google search on a phrase of Hegel’s quoted here, enclosed in double quotes, will often take you directly to the webpage, where a search of the page will take you to the passage in question.
Hoffmann, Banesh, Einstein, Granada / Paladin, 1982
Hoyle, Fred, Frontiers of astronomy, Signet, 1963
Janiak, Andrew, Newton as Philosopher, Cambridge University Press. 2008
Janiak, Andrew. (ed.), 2004, Newton: Philosophical Writings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysic that can Present itself as a Science, http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/pdf/kantprol.pdf
Khun, Thomas S, The structure of scientific revolutions, University of Chicago Press, 3rd edition, 1996
Lenin, Conspectus of Hegel’s Book, The Science of Logic, in his Collected Works, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965, Volume 38, p.85-242
Lewontin, Richard, It Ain’t Necessarily So,
Marx and Engels, Selected Works in one volume, Lawrence and Wishart, 1968
Newton, Issac, Principia, is in print complete in a new collection, On the Shoulders of Giants edited by Stephen Hawking, Penguin, 2002.
Newton, Issac: See the Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy for a discussion on Newton’s Views on Space, Time, and Motion: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/newton-stm/
Novack, George, The Origins of Materialism, Merit/Pathfinder Press, 1971
Penrose, Roger The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe, Vintage, 2004
Penzias, A.A. & R.W. Wilson, A Measurement of Excess Antenna Temperature at 4080 Mc/s, Astrophysical Journal 142: 419-421, July 1965
Plekhanov, Georgi, The development of the monist view of history, Moscow, 1956
Rees, Martin, Before the beginning, Our Universe and others, Touchstone, 1998
Singh, Simon, Big Bang, Harper Perennial, 2005. I recommend this book as an introduction to the subject.
Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, Allen Lane / Penguin (Hardback edition) 2007
Trotsky, Leon, Problems of Everyday Life, Pathfinder Press, 1994
Woods, Alan, and Ted Grant, Reason in Revolt, Wellred publications, London, 1995 (Alan Woods should not be confused with Allen W. Wood, who also writes on Karl Marx, and is a Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University, USA)